Each year thousands of South Carolinians work to preserve the state’s legacy that is reflected in our historic buildings, structures, and sites. Since 1995, the South Carolina Department of Archives and History, Preservation South Carolina, and the Office of the Governor have recognized exceptional accomplishments in the preservation, rehabilitation, and interpretation of our architectural and cultural heritage with a series of statewide awards.
These efforts demonstrate the outstanding commitment to preserving South Carolina’s history; therefore the South Carolina Department of Archives and History, Preservation South Carolina, and the Office of the Governor have joined together to announce the 25th Annual South Carolina Historic Preservation Awards, recognizing exemplary work in historic preservation in South Carolina.
The selection panel that chooses the awards from the list of those submitted are:
- A representative from the Office of the Governor
- Preservation South Carolina Board President (or designee)
- The Director of the SC Department of Archives and History (or designee)
- A representative from the board of the Preservation South Carolina
- Two representatives from the SC Department of Archives and History
- A representative of Preservation South Carolina’s 5 for the Future Membership
- A representative from the SC African American Heritage Commission
- A representative from the Confederation of SC Local Historical Societies
- A representative from the National Trust for Historic Preservation
- A representative from the SC Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism
Now… Presentation of Awards
2019 Preservation Honor Award Recipients
Union County Carnegie Library
At the turn of the 20th Century, steel industrialist Andrew Carnegie created one of the most far reaching philanthropic programs in the nation's history, donating millions of dollars to create thousands of libraries. In South Carolina, 15 of these Carnegie Libraries were eventually established, however The Carnegie Free Library in Union County bears the distinction of being the first. Today, the Library is one of only four Carnegie Libraries remaining in South Carolina.
Designed by the regionally well-known firm Wheeler & Runge, the Beaux Arts style building occupied an important place in the town1 s day-to-day life, both physically and symbolically.
In its restoration, the community leadership sought to not only restore the glory of the original building design, but to also return the Library to the community as a beacon of enlightenment and a catalyst for conversation, collaboration, and innovation among residents of all ages.
Through careful investigation and paint analysis, the design team was able to determine the original paint color and restore the building to the palate intended by the original architect.
With all original windows and doors still in place, the team was careful to remove, paint, and attend to their condition, ensuring their use well into the 21st Century.
On the interior, carpet was removed, revealing an invaluable wooden floor that required very little additional work to restore. The plaster walls, ceilings, and wainscoting all received careful study for any necessary repairs before a fresh coat of paint was given to the entire interior.
Overall, the project included many other necessary upgrades that help sustain the building's safety and comfort for occupants and employees alike, including the mechanical, electrical and plumbing systems.
While the vast majority of the Library's collections are housed in a non-historic addition to the facility, the newly restored main entrance offers the Library tremendous opportunity to once again welcome the public through its proper facade. This space currently houses a museum and educational exhibits, adding even more value to the community icon by preserving local history and fostering the residents understanding of what makes Union County such a resilient and fascinating area of the state.
The restored library now offers another generation of residents the same sense of wonder and excitement as their ancestors while equipping them with 21st century tools to continue their community's story.
Donald L. Love, Jr./AIA
McMillan Pazden Smith Architecture
Harper General Contractors
Union County Carnegie Library
Charleston Trolley Barn
The renovation of Charleston's Trolley Barn as an adaptive re-use for the artisans studying quality historic building design and methods has resulted in 38,000 square feet of space appropriately designed and built for that purpose. The structure, though listed on the National Register, was a blighted building for over two decades. It is important as one of the few surviving pre-1900 industrial buildings in this part of the city, which serves as a reminder of the diverse uses and character of this part of the city in the past. As one of Charleston Preservation Society's "Seven to Save," the American College of the Building Arts invested $5 million and saved a beautiful facility that had been abandoned for close to 30 years and would have been lost to the elements in a few more years.
With the building being an important industrial structure, the restoration of the exterior was closely overseen by the city of Charleston's Board of Architectural Review. All work had to be to the highest preservation standards and replicate the original building. Extensive documentationavailablemadethereplication possible.
The building’s rehabilitation not only followed all of the City of Charleston's rigorous protocols, but went above and beyond withexemplary preservation techniques and quality of work, which secured a prestigious Preservation Society Carolopolis award. HistoricCharleston Foundation also gave American College of the Building Arts the Robert N.S. and Patti Foos Whitelaw Award which is grantedannually to citizens and groups whose work embodies the Whitelaw's aspirations to preserve the city'sstreetscape,s neighborhoods and public buildings. Further, as the campus forthe American College of theBuilding Arts, the building serves dailyas a laboratory for educating bothstudents and members of the public about preservation techniques and the valueof historic preservation.
American College of the Building Arts
The Barnes Center
The Barnes Center is a Historic Adaptive Re-Use project of a 4,000 SF, circa 1904 structure on the campus of Clemson University. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990, the "sheep barn" is the oldest structure of an agricultural purpose on Clemson's campus -- having originally housed livestock and provided learning space for students. Once the building no longer housed animals, it was utilized as an electrical shop and storage, until completely emptied in 2015.
Located in an ideal location near the President's House on Clemson's campus, the historic sheep barn was converted in 2016 to the Barnes Student Activity Center - named for Clemson alumnus and Clemson Medallion recipient, Frank S. Barnes, Jr. Planning for the new student center involved a wide variety of participants from both faculty and students to ensure the building's end-use would best suit the University for years to come.
Keeping the overall barn-rustic aesthetic in order to honor its history was also paramount. The Hood Construction team was able to restore much of the original exterior siding, posts and interior columns, and original supports. Windows were also refurbished, as was an all-new standing seam metal roof matching the original, and the addition of insulation and new lighting to better suit the building in its new life as an event and activity center.
The new Barnes Center's interior features kitchen space, restrooms, a food vending area, restored silos with soft seating, and a polished concrete floor which compliments the existing 100-year-old concrete, remaining in many areas. To maintain the barn aesthetic, the building's wood beams and walls were cleaned, restored, and left uncovered. Any new woodwork was carefully replicated by master craftsmen on-site, ensuring a seamless and intentional transition between old and new.
A great deal of focus was also placed on the exterior of the building, as the design lends itself to an indoor/outdoor open environment. With a large curtainwall entrance and an extensively hardscaped 4,000 SF plaza with outdoor seating, students can move freely throughout the property which is located in the center of campus. This also allows the University to plan for both indoor and outdoor events at this venue, giving it year-round flexibility. Included in the outdoor patio are lighting, an outdoor speaker system, as well as a lawn for additional seating. A 1,000 SF complimenting outbuilding was also constructed for added storage, event support and public restrooms.
The 3 award recipients collaborated closely over the pre construction period to ensure the project's scope was maximized while maintaining a challenging budget.
In addition, the project team researched numerous building materials and methods to ensure the historically-significance of the structure was upheld in the most cost-effective manner possible. This included metal roofing, metal wall panels, curtainwall systems, window restoration, exterior veneer restoration, finishes, and mechanical/electrical/plumbing components.
The building was facing quite a bit of decay from years of exposure, requiring Hood to first stabilize and shore up the building before any construction and rehabilitation could take place. The team was tasked with installing new mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems, while making sure not to disturb any of the existing historical components which were to be restored and re-used. Every piece of material that was installed on the project was done so intentionally with the goal of enhancing the existing structure which required continuous coordination and oversight. The result is a one-of-a-kind, social destination, on the campus of one of South Carolina's major universities, in a building now equipped to stand for another hundred years.
Lord Aeck Sargent
Hood Construction Company, Inc.
The Barnes Center
York County Courthouse
The York County Courthouse was originally constructed in 1914 and Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, was originally designed by Darlington, SC native, William Augustus Edwards, an Atlanta-based architect renowned for educational buildings, court houses and other public and private buildings. After more than a century of wear and nearly six consecutive years of disuse, the Court house was in a state of disrepair requiring an extensive process of renovation and restoration to bring the structure to its former aesthetic beauty and function al use.
The county took the appropriate steps to examine the style, plan, materials and finishes that make up the courthouse. This endeavor resulted in a 268-page document thoroughly outlining previous renovations, material and finish details, and a chromochronology worksheet detailing the sequence of treatments over the years that resulted in a design plan to bring the Courthouse back to life as an accurate representation of the original design intent.
To preserve the interior's Classic Revival style, designers were tasked with establishing the context of the courthouse in relation to similarly aged buildings. In addition to abating mold, lead and asbestos, the work preserved the building's notable architectural features such as plaster vaulted ceilings, patterned tiling and original hardwood floors, marble and stained oak wainscoting, quarter-sawn oak doors, wrought iron stair railings and balusters, as well as masonry fireplaces.
Sound reflective and absorptive surfaces were utilized throughout to improve acoustics along with state-of-the art audio-visual technology to reinstate the courtroom for fully functional use. New carpet, rubber tiles and refinished wood floors were other methods that helped bring the structure into repair and to increase durability for the foreseeable future.
The Palladian windows of the main courtroom were rebuilt off site and restored with insulated glass while the existing balusters had to be removed and recast to replace large sections missing from the balcony.
Deteriorating exterior windows were replaced with aluminum clad wood windows, matching the original profile, muntin’s, and brickmould.
The cast stone base and brick exterior were cleaned and necessary repairs were made to the limestone entablature and pediment and terra cotta ornament . The entirety of the clay tile roof was removed and replaced to allow for installation of a new underlayment and copper flashings. The ornate copper cornice around the whole of the roof overhang was removed, repaired, and reinstalled.
In its Classical Revival style, the York County Courthouse not only stands as the architectural centerpiece of downtown York, but with an improved structure, full ADA compliance, energy efficiencies, and improved security, the court house is now accessible, safe, and will be able to serve the county for years to come.
Stewart • Cooper • Newell Architects
Craig Gaulden Davis
Robert Mills Fireproof Building
When the state of South Carolina and City of Charleston cooperated to construct the Fireproof Building the two governments obtained a building capable of surviving fires that too often struck Charleston. Designed and built in the 1820s, the Fireproof Building housed Charleston County offices and records, including the County Coroner.
To place that building in a public park would provide a fire break that would protect the building's offices and valuable public records. That plan worked well and preserved the Fireproof Building through terrible fires, the destruction of the American Civil War, the Great Earthquake of 1886, and hurricanes too numerous to recall.
Designed to provide maximum efficiency for office workers and for those who used its services, the Fireproof Building aimed also to be a powerful symbol of American republican values and of the influence of classical Greek and Roman culture in the history of the state and nation.
In 1943 the building became the permanent home of the South Carolina Historical Society. For over sixty years, the Fireproof Building served as the library, manuscripts repository, and headquarters of the Society. In 2014 the Society relocated its collections to the College of Charleston's Nathan and Marlene Addlestone Library.
The Fireproof Building was then ready for its rendezvous with the future. Now visitors are greeted by a sophisticated museum experience that combines traditional exhibits with multimedia video presentations and interactive displays. This transformation has been accomplished by a wholesale restoration of the building coupled with redesign and renovation of its electrical, plumbing, climate control, and security systems. Perhaps the most remarkable aspect of this restoration and renovation is the fact that this transformation has not only left few marks of its own actions but also removed intrusive, even destructive, remnants of more than a century of earlier repair and renovation.
Repurposed, renovated, and revived, the Fireproof Building is certainly the largest and arguably the most significant "object" in the Society's collections.
The centerpiece of that renovation has been the first-ever installation of an elevator within the building. The elevator inaugurates a new era in the Historical Society' s presence in the Fireproof Building. To make the building accessible to all visitors-especially elderly or disabled visitors-has been a wish and a challenge to the Society for decades. The elevator and its machinery are installed on the ground floor in the room that Robert Mills designed to be a vault. The elevator car rises through the first and second floor barrell vaulted rooms but does not block access to the windows on the facade. The large metal door that led to the original vault on the first floor has been refurbished and reinstalled. In fact, thanks to conscientious engineering and construction, neither Fireproof Building' s exterior nor its interior hint at the momentous change the elevator has brought the building. The restoration of the Fireproof Building and the expansion of the Historical Society's role has Brough new life to the state and region.
South Carolina Historical Society
Glenn Keyes Architects, LLC
2019 Stewardship Honor Award Recipients
The Stewardship Awards recognize those who have ensured the on-going preservation of historic buildings, structures, or sites through long-term care, planning, management, protection, or continuous ownership.
Sumter, SouthCarolina has a rich Jewish history. From the mid-1800s to the mid-1900s , there was a steady Jewish presence in Sumter due to active retail, textile, and manufacturing opportunities aided by vital nearby rail lines.
In 1912, Congregation Sinai began construction of a temple in a Greek-Revival style. The sanctuary featured large stained-glass windows and high-style woodwork. The building was well used until the latter half of the 20th centurywhen the congregation began to dwindle.Younger generations of Temple Sinai families left for bigger cities.
Residents of Sumter without a Jewish background expressed concern and interest in helping secure the historic temple. This led Roger Ackerman to consider turning part of the building into a museumabout the Holocaust. With no permanent exhibit on the Holocaust between Atlanta and Richmond, he saw an opportunity for the temple to serve as an educational resource for the students of Sumter County and beyond.
The Sumter County Museum, Temple Sinai, and Coastal Community Foundationsigned an agreement in December 2016 with the mutual goal to preserve theTemple Sinai building "as a historic entity with the purpose of operating it as an educational and cultural facility."
The Sumter County Museum agreed to develop a historical exhibit and oversee the building 's care and secured a Connected Communities grant from Central Carolina Community Foundation. By early 2017, the project was a reality. Sumter County Museum contracted HW Exhibits to help plan, curate, and design an exhibition.
With the Jewish population declining in numbers, it seemedmore important than ever to ensurethe historic memory of this portion of the people would be preserved. It was also key to ensureall renovations and exhibition construction followedthe Secretary of interior’s Standards for Rehabilitation in order to ensure the continued integrity of the incredible historic resource.
TheexhibitcausedminimalimpacttothehistoricfabricofTempleSinai.Nochangeswere made to the building's character defining features. The majority of the exhibit is displayed on new walls that areattached to the floor of the social hall. There were no changes to the historicsanctuary or the exterior of the temple.
The Temple Sinai Jewish History Center opened to great fanfare on June 2, 2018. And it is with great pleasure that we award this years stewardship award to...
Temple Sinai Congregation
Temple Sinai Jewish History Center
2019 Governor’s Award Recipient
Professor Carter L. Hudgins
Professor Carter L. Hudgins has dedicated much of his incredible capacity toward bettering the preservation landscape in South Carolina. He is receiving this award because of his contributions to the care for this state's historic resources and his development of future preservation leaders, particularly as he closes the chapter as the director of the Graduate Program in Historic Preservation program (co-sponsored by Clemson University and the College of Charleston) and shifts his attentions to projects of scholarship and preservation advocacy for South Carolina places.
Dr. Hudgins' biography tells the story of a career dedicated to understanding and preserving important historic places across the Southeast.
Hudgins was one of the originators of the movement within Historic Preservation that began to consider vernacular architecture. His scholarship and service work with the Vernacular Architecture Forum (VAF) ties him into a prestigious set of individuals who were inst ru menta l in expanding the purview of the preservatio n field to everyday buildings. His two books “Shaping Communities: Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture”and “Gender, Class and Shelter: Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture”demonstrate his contribution to the development of this field.
Dr. Hudgins is recognized nationally for his excellence in preservation work and education, having held teaching positions with University of Mary Washington and, here in South Carolina , the Graduate Program in Historic Preservation.
One of the manifestations of his excellence in teaching is his creation of educational opportunities for students that simultaneously contribute to the preservation of historic places of state and national significance.
He has demonstrated his dedication to the field of preservation in South Carolina in his roles as the director of Historic Charleston Foundation (HCF) and the Graduate Program in Historic Preservation. Under his leadership in the 1990s, Historic Charleston Foundation established a youth training program in the traditional building trades and started the Neighborhood Impact Initiative to preserve neighborhoods while combatting gentrification. Dr. Hudgins guided the Foundation to publish several important research works, including the Building s of Charleston and Historic Preservation for a Living City. Also during his tenure, HCF consolidated its ownership and protections for McLeod Plantation, purchase d the Aiken-Rhett House and opened its innovative house museum focused on African American history, undertook the rehabilitation of the James Missroon House and celebrated its 50th anniversary.
Dr. Hudgins has made 'service learning' a central part of the curriculum. Since teaching in South Carolina for almost a decade, this aspect of his approach has brought great benefit to South Carolina historic resources. By engaging with stewards of historic places around the state Dr. Hudgins has brought a true richness to his students, while helping those who care for significant buildings and landscapes in our historic built environment.